Ghaziabad District

Filed under City Life

Ghaziabad District was created on November 26, 1976 when then Chief Minister Mr. N.D. Tiwari declared the place as a district on the birth anniversary of the first prime minister of India, Pt. Jawahar Lal Nery. Prior to that, the district was a tehsil of Meeru district. A tehsil is an administrative division of some countries in South Asia. Specifically, it’s a city or town that serves to exercise some fiscal and administrative powers over the municipalities or villages under its jurisdiction. Ghaziabad District’s history extends to long before that, however. Research work and excavations done in the area – specifically at the mound of Kaseri on the bank of river Hindon some 2 kilometers north of Mohan Nagar – shows that civilization has already been developed there as far back as 2500 BC.

The district is situated in the middle of the flat alluvial tract between the Ganges River and Yamuna River. When viewed from the air, the district is somewhat rectangular in shape, with a length of about 72 kilometers and a width of 37 kilometers. Ghaziabad district is bounded in the north by Meeru district, in the east by Jyotiba Phule Nagar district, in the west by Delhi, and in the south by Gautam Buddh Nagar and Bulandshahr district. There are three major rivers that flow through Ghaziabad district: the Ganges, the Yamuna, and the Hindon, and they are filled with water all throughout the year. The Ganaga Canal also flows through the district, catering the drinking water needs of those living in Ghaziabad, as well as Delhi. The total population of the district is about 3 million, distributed along a total area of 2,590 square kilometers.

Industry and agriculture are the major industries in the district of Ghaziabad. Among the important crops produced are sugar canes, cereals, pulses, and oil-seeds. On the industrial front, both private and public sectors have functioning industrial units, which include the manufacture of sugar, vegetable, alcohol, textile, and agricultural implements. Cottage industries are also present in the form of silk and handloom weaving.

As the district is connected to Delhi, the national capital, the climate and rainfall are remarkably similar to it. Like the rest of northern India, there are three main seasons: summer, winter, and monsoon, the latter of which happens during the end of June to the beginning of July; and the rain usually doesn’t let up until October. However, due to the severe snowfalls in the Himalayas and Kumaon Hills region, the weather can sometimes become more erratic and unpredictable.

As for the manner of governance, the general administration of the district falls under the hands of the district officer, who acts as the representative of the State Government. He is in charge of the implementation of all government laws. The Collector, on the other hand, collects the land revenue and the other government dues as well as maintains the land records. Maintaining law and order is the main function of the District Magistrate, who is assisted by five additional magistrates, four S.D.M., two additional city magistrates, and a City Magistrate.

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